Cycling - Mountain and Road

In today's fast developing world, there is one word that is creating a lot of concern across nations and that is 'environment'. Nations are worried about consumption of earth's resources and the extinction of life as we know it. There are one to many initiatives that governments and environmental organizations have taken up to bring awareness. One such awareness is cycling.

(Video: Awesome extreme mountain biking video - makes us crave single track!)

Cycling or biking is the activity where a Human Powered Vehicle (generally a bicycle) is used as a means of commuting from one point to the other. Some people use cycling as a means of transport whereas others use it as a means of recreation and even sport activity.

There are so many advantages of cycling. One is that it is pollution free. Secondly, it is healthy and serves as a good cardio exercise and last being a cheaper option compared to other modes of transport. Realizing this, there has been an increase in the number of people opting for transportation using cycling.

History: The history of cycling dates back to the ninetieth century - when the need to find out other a faster means of transporting using the help of machines, rather than walking came into effect. Although there have been claims to a bicycle-like machine as early as the 1480s, the first evidential draft was presented in 1817. Baron Karl Drais, a German who was in search for a machine to replace horses, first invented a machine that had two wheels that were supported by a wooden frame. It could support a rider and help the person to commute from one point to the other. This was called the "Draisine" or "Laufmaschine" ( Running Horse). The designs evolved down the years till 1863, a French metal worker Lallement, added on the two cranks, chain and pedal to the Draisine thereby, making the first "bicycle". The "Bicycle era" of 1870-80s, saw the high wheel cycles (penny farthing) which paved the way for the tricycles and quadric-cycles which were considered more stable than its two wheeled counterpart. However, the closest reform of the current bicycle came in 1880s, when the safety bicycle was designed. The bicycle has changed the history of travel and it looks like we are heading for a full circle - back to bicycle days.

Cycling as an Outdoor activity:

Although the objective of the bicycle has been transportation, human dependency curbs its use to only short and moderate distances. However, with the advent of modern day aspect of health consciousness clubbed with the awareness of environment pollution, cycling is gaining popularity as a recreational activity.

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